Lepak & snell (1999) emphasize that human capital is the staff's technological ability it is the result that the organization makes the investment sedulously hence, only on the premise of improving productivity, thus the capital investment of manpower is worthy dzinkowski (2000) thought that the human capital means the personnel's know-how. Further, we draw from theory on relational and transactional employment arrangements (lepak & snell, 1999, 2002 rousseau, 1989) to suggest that the nature of the employment arrangement influences. Lepak and snell (2002) indicated that knowledge workers, those “people who use their heads more than their hands to produce value” (horibe, 1999, p xi), are viewed as the uniquely valuable human capital.
文章 lepak, dp and snell, sa (1999) the human resource architecture: toward a theory of human capital allocation and development academy of management review. The resource based view of the firm certainly signified the first coherent statement of the theory this initial statement of the theory served as the foundation that was extended by others such as rumelt (1984), barney (1996), and dierickx and cool (1989. Lepak and snell (1999) argue that because the knowledge of such employees is more readily available, organizations should focus on the staffing process rather than training (eg buy versus make) the organization must still provide some “initial training” ( kramer, 2010 , p.
Understanding how hr systems work: the role of hr philosophy and hr processes kathy monks, gráinne kelly, edel conway and patrick flood, leadership, innovation and knowledge research centre, dublin city university. Human resource systems and helping in organizations: a relational perspective kevin w mossholder auburn university hettie a richardson louisiana state university randall p settoon southeastern louisiana university using lepak and snell (1999) as a guide, we define each hr. Mapping talent development: deﬁnition, scope and architecture thomas n garavan, ronan carbery and andrew rock (lepak and snell, 1999) in order to be competitive as a consequence, organisations are likely to make signiﬁcant 1999 hirsh, 2009) however, it is increasingly emphasised that high potential talent must be proﬁcient. Lepak and snell (1999) argued that human capital in quadrant 1 is most likely to be viewed as core to the firm because of their value, these employees are able to contribute to a firm’s strategic objectives.
Of research by lepak and snell (1999, 2002), lepak, takeuchi, and snell (2003) and the re-source-based view of the firm these variables have rarely been measured we expect the highest strategic capabilities and organizational efficiency for organiza-tions employing very valuable and very. Intellectual capital architecture (snell et al, 1999 lepak and snell, 1999) and utility theory (stigler, 1950a, 1950b) the economic theory foundation of hrd supports the discussion of both individual and. The human resource architecture: toward a theory of human capital allocation and development lepak and snell (1999) provide a different approach to strategic hr. Examining the human resource architecture: the relationships among human capital, employment, and human resource configurations examining the human resource architecture: the relationships among human capital, employment, and human resource configurations lepak, d p , & snell, s a 1999 the human resource architecture:.
Third, in 1999, american researchers, lepak and snell developed the foundation of a human resource architecture that aligned different employment modes and employment relationships this theoretical. Wright p m , snell s a 1998 toward a unifying framework for exploring fit and flexibility in strategic human resource management academy of management review , 23 : 756–772. And dyer, 2004 lepak and snell, 1999) development of human capital is often path-dependent and needs to be nurtured over time by investment in continuous training (lepak and snell, 1999, 2002) fifth, the human capital pool can improve ﬁrm.
Lepak and snell 1999 investigating snells law investigating snell’s law research question: the effect that the angle of incidence of white light has on the angle of refraction from one transparent medium to another introduction: snell’s law state: when light passes from one transparent medium to another the rays of light refract (bend. This paper applied the theoretical american human resource architecture model developed by lepak and snell (1999) into the australian business environment the lepak and snell model proposed that within organizations, considerable variance exists with regard to both the uniqueness and value of skills. (lepak and snell 1999) becomes critical, especially the distinction between an acquisition mode where the dominant hr configuration is essentially market based, and an internal development mode where the hr configuration is commitment based. Distinction between general and specific human capital (cf, lepak & snell, 1999 ployhart & 1 while bartlett & ghoshal (1989) originally included the “international strategy”, harzing (2000) points out that.
Snell, sa 3 22 lepak, dp & snell, sa 1999 the human resource architecture: toward a theory of human capital development and allocation. Snell / journal of management 2002 28(4) 517–543 521 by lepak and snell (1999) also confounds employment with hr 1999) 1995) and strive to ensure worker compliance with preset rules compensation systems are also likely to be job-based (mahoney 1996. Lepak and snell (2002) examining the human resource architecture: the relationships among human capital, employment, and human resource configurations intro q shrm researchers look more br 0. Lepak and snell (1999) argued that differences in employment are likely to reﬂect differences in human capital that would then be accompanied by variations in the hr conﬁgurations used to manage employeesd itami.